FIV = Feline Immunodeficiency Virus
An important fact to remember is that this complex retrovirus affects ONLY cats--your dog, ferret, parrot, guinea pig, and YOU will not contract the illness from your cat because the virus is species-specific. In fact, if you have an FIV positive cat they often live happily without any major symptoms, and without passing the virus on to their feline companions. This is because the virus is generally transmitted via very deep bites where there is direct contact between the saliva of the affected cat and the bloodstream of the normal cat. Feline friends roaming around your home on a normal day will not find themselves in this situation, which is why transmission is unlikely.
Caring for your FIV+ Kitty
An FIV+ kitty will need routine yearly wellness exams (as does EVERY kitty) and they need to be indoor-only cats (as do ALL cats). Limiting their exposure to parasites and viruses such as those causing respiratory infections is important to maintain their overall health and wellbeing. Protect them from opportunistic infections, feed them good-quality age-appropriate cat food, and make sure they receive yearly routine physical examinations from a licensed veternarian.